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EditorialEight billion people and Pakistan

Eight billion people and Pakistan

It’s both good and bad news that there are now eight billion people on Earth, according to the UN. Let’s start by talking about the positive parts of the news: Due to longer lifespans and increased fertility rates in several countries, like Pakistan, the globe now has eight billion people. According to the UN’s demographic division, the world population reached the eight billion marks on Tuesday. The COVID-19 epidemic, which also claimed millions of lives, delayed the milestone by about a year since it decreased birthrates throughout the world. But at the same time, it’s important to keep in mind that the eight billion occurred sooner than the UN had anticipated.

The organisation estimated that there would be eight billion people on earth by the year 2028, but it actually arrived six years earlier. The achievement, according to UN officials, served as a gauge for human advancement in the disciplines of medicine, nourishment, health services, and personal hygiene. Furthermore, advancements in healthcare and the skyrocketing birth rates in some regions contributed to a considerable rise in birth rates around 1900. Pakistan is located in the second section, where population growth is thought to be caused by higher birth rates.

After 11 years, there were eight billion people on the planet. Sadia Sultana, a Bangladeshi woman, was previously recognized as the seventh billionth kid. The population of the globe has been steadily increasing since 1950, but it grew quickly during the 20th century and now appears to be slowing down once more. Since Asia is home to the two most populous countries in the world, China and India, each with a population of over 1.4 billion, the news should terrify those in charge of population welfare and control. Others with a large populations include Indonesia, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. India’s population is expected to overtake China’s at some point in 2024, despite the fact that China has made strides in birth control. Since it will take fifteen years for the world’s population to reach nine billion, the world has made overall progress in birth control, according to the United Nations. Before 2080, the population is not expected to reach 10 billion, according to estimates.

Pakistan makes up 3% of the world’s population, according to a report by the United Nations. The Pakistan Statistical Office has reported that there are 220.425 people living in Pakistan overall, with an equal number of men and women. The gap between urban and rural areas is also closing. Pakistan used to be 80 percent rural, but currently, there are eight crore urban residents and roughly 14 crore rural residents. The most recent estimate places Pakistan’s birth rate at 3.7%, the highest in the region. Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Afghanistan have made notable advancements in this domain. It should be mentioned that 40% of the world’s population resides in Pakistan, India, China, and Bangladesh. Experts estimate that just two billion people can sustain a standard lifestyle on earth, but there are already eight billion people, thus fewer resources are needed to thrive. The likelihood that food will not be available as a result is growing. Residential colonies are being constructed on agricultural land in Pakistan as a result of the country’s growing population. There is concern that the loss of agricultural land would cause a significant human issue that requires a rapid solution.


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