Invaluable research in the fields of artificial intelligence, genetic engineering, biology, health, and space sciences has enhanced our hopes to the extent of our imagination and the limit of galaxies’ systems. People are preparing to go on a round trip to Mars. World tycoons are hopeful and happy to have a longer life, up to 150 years for the first time. Fatal nuclear weapons are the main cause of stopping the proliferation of wars. International cooperation during disasters, famines, and diseases are exemplary. Numerous global organisations are working to keep the world’s people close to each other and are performing their work much better than the departments of different governments. Sports like the World Olympics and Asian Cup inspire people all over the world to compete in healthy ways. For the cause of peace and development, the UN has declared different days as international days for certain purposes. For example, September 21 is International Peace Day. Every month, there are several international days commemorated by the UN and its agencies. In these last days of September, other international days are International Day for Universal Access to Information on September 28, and the International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste.
Also, it’s International Translation Day on September 29. Peace Day is a day devoted to strengthening the ideals of peace through observing 24 hours of non-violence and cease-fire. For this year, the theme for Peace Day is, “End Racism. Build Peace.” It is not only the laying down of arms. It requires the building of societies where all members feel that they can flourish. It involves creating a world in which people are treated equally, regardless of their race. In this regard, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres says: “Racism continues to poison institutions, social structures, and everyday life in every society. It continues to be a driver of persistent inequality. And it continues to deny people their fundamental human rights. “It destabilises societies, undermines democracies, erodes the legitimacy of governments, and the linkages between racism and gender inequality are unmistakable.” In our society, politicians and their speeches are the major sources of racial hatred. There are countries like India and Israel where racial discrimination is the government’s policy. Because of such policies, millions of minority people cross the borders of their countries and acquire the status of refugees all over the world every year. Peace and an affectionate atmosphere can be created in most countries if the political will is there.
The General Assembly of the UN commemorates September 26 as the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons. Achieving global nuclear disarmament is one of the oldest goals of the United Nations. It was the subject of the General Assembly’s first resolution in 1946, which established the Atomic Energy Commission (dissolved in 1952) with a mandate to make specific proposals for the control of nuclear energy and the elimination of atomic weapons and all other major weapons adaptable to mass destruction. The General Assembly prioritised the objective of disarmament. Yet today, more than 12705 nuclear weapons remain in the control of different countries. The nuclear powers have modernised their nuclear arsenals. The official World Tourism Day will be celebrated on September 27. Tourism is recognised as a crucial pillar of development. This year’s concept is: “Rethinking of Tourism”. The Secretary General of the UN World Tourism Organisation, Zurab Pololikashvili’s message after the world’s experience of the pandemic is: “Rethinking one of the world’s major economic sectors will not be easy. But we are already well on the way. The crisis has inspired and catalysed creativity. And the pandemic accelerated the transformation of work, bringing both challenges as well as enormous opportunities to ensure even more people get to benefit from tourism’s restart.
The International Day for Universal Access to Information on September 28 was designated by the UNESCO General Conference. It was inaugurated in November 2015 and was first held on September 28, 2016. It is hailed as greater information transparency. It is hoped that the recognition of the right to information will provide an important platform for all stakeholders at the national level to discuss the adoption and effective implementation of national right to information laws in line with continental and international standards and obligations. Pakistan passed an Act in 2011 called the Freedom of Information Act to make public records and information more freely available and to provide for public access to public records and information to the extent consistent with the public interest and the protection of personal privacy. September 29 is the International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste, an opportunity to raise awareness of practices and innovations to reduce food loss and waste and build a more resilient food system. It is estimated that around one-third of food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted from farm to table, amounting to around 1.3 billion tonnes per year. Covid-19 has exposed vulnerabilities in our food systems and heightened the need to remedy food loss and waste both locally and globally. September 30 is International Translation Day. It is an opportunity to pay tribute to the work of language professionals, which plays an important role in bringing nations together, facilitating dialogue, understanding, and cooperation, thus contributing to the development and strengthening of world peace and security. Thanks to the UN, which provides opportunities for the world’s people to ponder upon their problems and solutions and manage to exchange world experiences in different spheres.